How To Write A Strong Thesis For A Problem-Solution Essay
Whenever your thesis goes around a problem solution essay, you need to describe your problems and then convince your reader offering them appropriate solution proposals refuting the objections.
- Choose a topic: First of all choose a topic and types of problems you might encounter with. Prepare a list of the group that your problem may belong. It could be an issue with your schools, hometown community, hobby groups, hometown community or clubs. In some cases you might also encounter with people groups like college students, issues with females, language, racial groups or problems faced by teenagers.
- Enlist various types of problems you might face: Write down all the issues that you may encounter with these groups. In some cases your plan may work but in other cases it might fail. However there are other plans that may work but cannot be enforced. It is not necessary that your issue should be a bigger one. Basically, if you feel that you cannot convince the people, at least think for the options to make any situation better.
- Think for the exercises and jot it down on a piece of paper: Once you have selected your topic, write down all the problems and solutions against them.
- Prepare an essay outline for your thesis: To make it effective, organize the content carefully. You need to convince the reader that problem is grave and needs to be solved at all cost. Offer clear solutions. Make sure that your solutions are cost effective and realistic in nature. You need to prove that your solution is best among all the solutions.
- Introduction: This is primary part of the problem solution essay which states whether the problem is unknown or a known one. Unknown problem is highly intricate and requires a vivid description. Your introduction can have a base of true life story, personal experience an imaginative scenario, based on statistics and facts and should include the statistics so that the audience becomes completely aware of the problem.
- Thesis should propose solution: It should be short and clearly written in one sentence.
- Body paragraphs: The body paragraphs of the thesis should elucidate all the solutions clearly. This section should also state way to solve the problem stating the evidences like expert’s opinion, statistics, logical arguments, study etc. Ensure that your solution stands up against all possible objections.
- Conclusion: Write at least 2-3 paragraphs wherein you will state how your solutions will change the scenario after the plan is implemented.
- Your tone of writing: It should be reasonable, logical, appealing and convincing.
- Think for the reactions of your audience: The solutions should be such that audience can easily implement them.
Problem-solution essays are a common essay type, especially for short essays such as subject exams or IELTS. The page gives information on what they are, how to structure this type of essay, and gives an example problem-solution essay on the topic of obesity and fitness levels.
What are problem-solution essays?
Problem-solution essays consider the problems of a particular situation, and give solutions to those problems. They are in some ways similar to cause and effect essays, especially in terms of structure (see below). Problem-solution essays are actually a sub-type of another type of essay, which has the following four components:
The 'situation' may be included in the essay prompt, in which case it will not be needed in the main body. If it is needed, it can often be included in the introduction, especially for short essays, as with the example essay below. The 'evaluation' may be included as part of the conclusion (also as in the example below), or omitted altogether, especially for short essays. For these reasons, problem-solution essays are more common than situation-problem-solution-evaluation essays (or SPSE essays).
There are two main ways to structure a problem-solution essay. These are similar to the ways to structure cause and effect essays, namely using a block or a chain structure. For the block structure, all of the problems are listed first, and all of the solutions are listed afterwards. For the chain structure, each problem is followed immediately by the solution to that problem. Both types of structure have their merits. The former is generally clearer, especially for shorter essays, while the latter ensures that any solutions you present relate directly to the problems you have given.
The two types of structure, block and chain, are shown in the diagram below. This is for a short essay, which includes the 'situation' in the introduction and 'evaluation' in the conclusion. A longer essay, for example one of around 1,000 words, with citations, would probably have these two sections as separate paragraphs in the main body.
Below is a problem-solution essay on the topic of obesity and poor fitness. It uses the block structure. Click on the different areas (in the shaded boxes) to highlight the different structural aspects in this essay, i.e. Situation, Problem, Solution, Evaluation. This will highlight not simply the paragraphs, but also (for problems and solutions) the thesis statement and summary, as these repeat the problems and solutions contained in the main body.
Consumption of processed and convenience foods and our dependence on the car have led to an increase in obesity and reduction in the fitness level of the adult population. In some countries, especially industrialized ones, the number of obese people can amount to one third of the population. This is significant as obesity and poor fitness lead to a decrease in life expectancy, and it is therefore important for individuals and governments to work together to tackle this issue and improve their citizens' diet and fitness.
Obesity and poor fitness decrease life expectancy. Overweight people are more likely to have serious illnesses such as diabetes and heart disease, which can result in premature death. It is well known that regular exercise can reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke, which means that those with poor fitness levels are at an increased risk of suffering from those problems.
Changes by individuals to their diet and their physical activity can increase life expectancy. There is a reliance today on the consumption of processed foods, which have a high fat and sugar content. By preparing their own foods, and consuming more fruit and vegetables, people could ensure that their diets are healthier and more balanced, which could lead to a reduction in obesity levels. In order to improve fitness levels, people could choose to walk or cycle to work or to the shops rather than taking the car. They could also choose to walk up stairs instead of taking the lift. These simple changes could lead to a significant improvement in fitness levels.
Governments could also implement initiatives to improve their citizens' eating and exercise habits. This could be done through education, for example by adding classes to the curriculum about healthy diet and lifestyles. Governments could also do more to encourage their citizens to walk or cycle instead of taking the car, for instance by building more cycle lanes or increasing vehicle taxes. While some might argue that increased taxes are a negative way to solve the problem, it is no different from the high taxes imposed on cigarettes to reduce cigarette consumption.
In short, obesity and poor fitness are a significant problem in modern life, leading to lower life expectancy. Individuals and governments can work together to tackle this problem and so improve diet and fitness. Of the solutions suggested, those made by individuals themselves are likely to have more impact, though it is clear that a concerted effort with the government is essential for success. With obesity levels in industrialized and industrializing countries continuing to rise, it is essential that we take action now to deal with this problem.
Below is a checklist for the main body of an essay. Use it to check your own writing, or get a peer (another student) to help you.